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Pré-publication, Document de travail

Harnessing multivariate, penalized regression methods for genomic prediction and QTL detection to cope with climate change affecting grapevine

Abstract : Viticulture has to cope with climate change and decrease pesticide inputs, while maintaining yield and wine quality. Breeding is a potential key to meet this challenge, and genomic prediction is a promising tool to accelerate breeding programs, multivariate methods being potentially more accurate than univariate ones. Moreover, some prediction methods also provide marker selection, thus allowing quantitative trait loci (QTLs) detection and allowing the identification of positional candidate genes. We applied several methods, interval mapping as well as univariate and multivariate penalized regression, in a bi-parental grapevine progeny, in order to compare their ability to predict genotypic values and detect QTLs. We used a new denser genetic map, simulated two traits under four QTL configurations, and re-analyzed 14 traits measured in semi-controlled conditions under different watering conditions. Using simulations, we recommend the penalized regression method Elastic Net (EN) as a default for genomic prediction, and controlling the marginal False Discovery Rate on EN selected markers to prioritize the QTLs. Indeed, penalized methods were more powerful than interval mapping for QTL detection across various genetic architectures. Multivariate prediction did not perform better than its univariate counterpart, despite strong genetic correlation between traits. Using experimental data, penalized regression methods proved as very efficient for intra-population prediction whatever the genetic architecture of the trait, with accuracies reaching 0.68. These methods applied on the denser map found new QTLs controlling traits linked to drought tolerance and provided relevant candidate genes. These methods can be applied to other traits and species.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03113189
Déposant : Charlotte Brault <>
Soumis le : lundi 18 janvier 2021 - 11:01:19
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 février 2021 - 04:02:08

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Charlotte Brault, Agnès Doligez, Loïc Le Cunff, Aude Coupel-Ledru, Thierry Simonneau, et al.. Harnessing multivariate, penalized regression methods for genomic prediction and QTL detection to cope with climate change affecting grapevine. 2021. ⟨hal-03113189⟩

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