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Processivity of dextransucrases synthesizing very-high-molar-mass dextran is mediated by sugar-binding pockets in domain V

Abstract : The dextransucrase DSR-OK from the Gram-positive bacterium Oenococcus kitaharae DSM17330 produces a dextran of the highest molar mass reported to date (?10(9) g/mol). In this study, we selected a recombinant form, DSR-OK?1, to identify molecular determinants involved in the sugar polymerization mechanism and that confer its ability to produce a very-high-molar-mass polymer. In domain V of DSR-OK, we identified seven putative sugar-binding pockets characteristic of glycoside hydrolase 70 (GH70) glucansucrases that are known to be involved in glucan binding. We investigated their role in polymer synthesis through several approaches, including monitoring of dextran synthesis, affinity assays, sugar binding pocket deletions, site-directed mutagenesis, and construction of chimeric enzymes. Substitution of only two stacking aromatic residues in two consecutive sugar-binding pockets (variant DSR-OK?1-Y1162A-F1228A) induced quasi-complete loss of very-high-molar-mass dextran synthesis, resulting in production of only 10?13 kg/mol polymers. Moreover, the double mutation completely switched the semiprocessive mode of DSR-OK?1 toward a distributive one, highlighting the strong influence of these pockets on enzyme processivity. Finally, the position of each pocket relative to the active site also appeared to be important for polymer elongation. We propose that sugar-binding pockets spatially closer to the catalytic domain play a major role in the control of processivity. A deep structural characterization, if possible with large-molar-mass sugar ligands, would allow confirming this hypothesis.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03128976
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 2, 2021 - 3:39:14 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 8:13:59 AM

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Marion Claverie, Gianluca Cioci, Marlène Vuillemin, Pauline Bondy, Magali Remaud-Simeon, et al.. Processivity of dextransucrases synthesizing very-high-molar-mass dextran is mediated by sugar-binding pockets in domain V. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2020, 295 (17), pp.5602-5613. ⟨10.1074/jbc.RA119.011995⟩. ⟨hal-03128976⟩

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