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Productivité et efficience des systèmes agroforestiers à base d’oliviers au Maroc : cas de Moulay Driss Zerhoun

Abstract : In Morocco, agroforestry systems based on olive trees are widespread and diverse. This work aims at characterizing their diversity and performance. To this end, 72 farmers surveys were conducted in the Moulay Driss Zerhoun region (Morocco). For each farm, agroforestry plots were compared to corresponding monocrops and pure olive orchards. Under rainfed conditions, the insertion of legumes and cereals in olive orchards is the dominant association. There are very significant differences in yields of annual crops and olive between agroforestry systems, and monocrops and pure orchards. The Land Equivalent Ratio of yields and gross margins is always greater than 1 with cereals and legumes in agroforestry. Our results suggest that agroforestry systems are more productive, profitable and land-efficient than monocrops. Therefore, agroforestry may constitute a relevant strategy for a sustainable production. Nevertheless, additional experiments are needed to better understand the productivity of these systems and their advantages and limits.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03138620
Contributor : Christine Riou <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2021 - 12:05:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 4:00:27 PM

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Asmae Amassaghrou, Ahmed Bouaziz, Khalid Daoui, Hatem Belhouchette, Abdelaziz Ezzahouani, et al.. Productivité et efficience des systèmes agroforestiers à base d’oliviers au Maroc : cas de Moulay Driss Zerhoun. Cahiers Agricultures, EDP Sciences, 2021, 30, ⟨10.1051/cagri/2020041⟩. ⟨hal-03138620⟩

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