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Seasonal variations of the depletion factor during recession periods in the Senegal, Gambia and Niger watersheds

Abstract : The daily depletion factor K describes the discharge decrease of rivers only fed by groundwater in the absence of rainfall. In the Senegal, Gambia and Niger river basins in West Africa, the flow recession can exceed 6 months and the precise knowledge of K thus allows discharge forecasts to be made over several months, and is hence potentially interesting for hydraulic structure managers. Seasonal flow recession observed at 54 gauging stations in these basins from 1950 to 2016 is represented by empirical and usual conceptual models that express K. Compared to conventional conceptual models, an empirical model representing K as a polynomial of the decimal logarithm of discharge Q gives better representations of K and better discharge forecasting at horizons from 1 to 120 days for most stations. The relationship between specific discharge Qs and K, not monotonous, is highly homogeneous in some sub-basins but differs significantly between the Senegal and Gambia basins on the one hand and the Niger basin on the other. The relationship K(Q) evolves slightly between three successive periods, with values of K generally lower (meaning faster discharge decrease) in the intermediate period centered on the years 1970–1980. These climate-related interannual variations are much smaller than the seasonal variations of K.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03139554
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Submitted on : Friday, February 12, 2021 - 10:14:01 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 18, 2021 - 12:27:45 PM

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Jean-Claude Bader, Honoré Dacosta, Jean-Christophe Pouget. Seasonal variations of the depletion factor during recession periods in the Senegal, Gambia and Niger watersheds. Water, MDPI, 2020, 12 (9), pp.2520. ⟨10.3390/w12092520⟩. ⟨hal-03139554⟩

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