Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Immunogenic hotspots in the spacer domain of ADAMTS13 in immune‐mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Abstract : Background Immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) is caused by anti-ADAMTS13 autoantibodies inducing a severe deficiency of ADAMTS13. Epitope mapping studies on samples obtained during acute iTTP episodes have shown that the iTTP immune response is polyclonal, with almost all patients having autoantibodies targeting the spacer domain of ADAMTS13.Objectives To identify the immunogenic hotspots in the spacer domain of ADAMTS13.Patients/methods A library of 11 full-length ADAMTS13 spacer hybrids was created in which amino acid regions of the spacer domain of ADAMTS13 were exchanged by the corresponding region of the spacer domain of ADAMTS1. Next, the full-length ADAMTS13 spacer hybrids were used in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to epitope map anti-spacer autoantibodies in 138 samples from acute and remission iTTP patients.Results Sixteen different anti-spacer autoantibody profiles were identified with a similar distribution in acute and remission patients. There was no association between the anti-spacer autoantibody profiles and disease severity. Almost all iTTP samples contained anti-spacer autoantibodies against the following three regions: amino acid residues 588-592, 602-610, and 657-666 (hybrids E, G, and M). Between 31% and 57% of the samples had anti-spacer autoantibodies against amino acid regions 572-579, 629-638, 667-676 (hybrids C, J, and N). In contrast, none of the samples had anti-spacer autoantibodies against amino acid regions 556-563, 564-571, 649-656, and 677-685 (hybrids A, B, L, and O). Conclusion We identified three hotspot regions (amino acid regions 588-592, 602-610, and 657-666) in the spacer domain of ADAMTS13 that are targeted by anti-spacer autoantibodies found in a large cohort of iTTP patients.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03144317
Contributor : Nelly Lucas <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 17, 2021 - 3:04:35 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 9, 2021 - 4:02:06 PM

Identifiers

Citation

Leydi Carolina Velásquez Pereira, Elien Roose, Nuno Graça, György Sinkovits, Kadri Kangro, et al.. Immunogenic hotspots in the spacer domain of ADAMTS13 in immune‐mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Wiley, 2021, 19 (2), pp.478-488. ⟨10.1111/jth.15170⟩. ⟨hal-03144317⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

25