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Effect of plant root exudates on the desorption of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers from contaminated soils

Abstract : Plants and their associated microbiota can have a significant impact on the behaviour of soil contaminants. Particularly, root exudation is one of the most important plant-associated processes in this respect, as it may have a substantial effect on the bioavailability of soil contaminants, specially of hydrophobic contaminants strongly sorbed by soil. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of root exudates (natural and artificial) on the desorption of alpha-, beta-, delta- and gamma-isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) from contaminated soil, using batch experiments. Natural root exudates were obtained from Holcus lanatus plants growing in the same (contaminated) area. Fifteen compounds (mainly organic acids and phenolic compounds) usually found in root exudates were also tested, individually or as mixtures (1 and 10 mM). Both natural and artificial exudates favoured the mobilization of sorbed HCH in soil. The effect was highly significant for alpha-, beta- and gamma-HCH isomers, for which the desorption rates increased by 23.0, 26.8 and 15.5% in the presence of natural root exudates and by 40.1, 25.9 and 25.6% in the presence of the artificial mixture (at 10 mM). The delta-HCH desorption rates increased by less than 10%. The effect of individual exudate components was very variable, but increased with the carbon content, reflecting the significance of hydrophobic interactions between the exudates and HCH molecules in the desorption of these last from soil. These findings indicate that plants may significantly influence the bioavailability of persistent contaminants, with major implications for improving phyto-and bioremediation procedures.
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Submitted on : Sunday, February 21, 2021 - 11:05:35 AM
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Beatriz Rodríguez-Garrido, María Balseiro-Romero, Petra Kidd, Carmen Monterroso. Effect of plant root exudates on the desorption of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers from contaminated soils. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2020, 241, pp.124920. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124920⟩. ⟨hal-03147894⟩



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