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Metabolic Effects of Elevated CO 2 on Wheat Grain Development and Composition

Abstract : The increase in the atmospheric CO2 concentration is predicted to influence wheat production and grain quality and nutritional properties. In the present study, durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf. cv. Sula) was grown under two different CO2 (400 versus 700 μmol mol–1) concentrations to examine effects on the crop yield and grain quality at different phenological stages (from grain filling to maturity). Exposure to elevated CO2 significantly increased aboveground biomass and grain yield components. Growth at elevated CO2 diminished the elemental N content as well as protein and free amino acids, with a typical decrease in glutamine, which is the most represented amino acid in grain proteins. Such a general decrease in nitrogenous compounds was associated with altered kinetics of protein accumulation, N remobilization, and N partitioning. Our results highlight important modifications of grain metabolism that have implications for its nutritional quality.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 11:44:29 AM
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David Soba, Sinda Ben Mariem, Teresa Fuertes-Mendizábal, Ana María Méndez-Espinoza, Françoise Gilard, et al.. Metabolic Effects of Elevated CO 2 on Wheat Grain Development and Composition. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2019, 67 (31), pp.8441-8451. ⟨10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01594⟩. ⟨hal-03149689⟩



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