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Characterization of a Topically Testable Model of Burn Injury on Human Skin Explants

Abstract : Severe burn injuries remain a major health problem due to high rates of mortality, residual morbidity, and/or aesthetic damages. To find new therapies aimed at promoting a harmonious healing of skin burns, it is important to develop models which take into account the unique properties of the human skin. Based on previously described models of burn injury performed on human skin explants, we hypothesized that maintaining explants under constant tension forces would allow to more closely reproduce the pathophysiological processes of skin remodeling. We thus. Here, we set up and characterized an improved model of deep second-degree burn injury on ex vivo cultured human skin explants at air-liquid interface and maintained under conditions of constant tension forces. A spontaneous re-epithelialization of the lesion was observed 8 to 9 days post burn and was found to rely on the proliferation of basal keratinocytes at the wound edges. Collagen VII at the dermo-epidermal junction reformed along with the progression of re-epithelializatio and a synthesis of procollagen III was observed in the dermis at the wound site. These findings indicate that our model is suitable for the assessment of clinically-relevant therapies aimed at modulating the kinetics of re-epithelialization and/or the activation of fibroblasts following skin burn injuries. In this regard, we evaluated the use of a thermoreversible poloxamer hydrogel as a vehicle for topically-testable therapeutic molecules. Our data showed that, although useful for drug formulation, the p407/p188 poloxamer hydrogel induces a delay of skin re-epithelialization in humans skin explants submitted to experimental burn injury.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03153069
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Submitted on : Monday, June 7, 2021 - 2:13:25 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 5:03:09 PM

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Olivia Gross-Amat, Marine Guillen, Damien Salmon, Serge Nataf, Céline Auxenfans. Characterization of a Topically Testable Model of Burn Injury on Human Skin Explants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (18), pp.6956. ⟨10.3390/ijms21186956⟩. ⟨hal-03153069⟩

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