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Transcriptional Plasticity of Autophagy-Related Genes Correlates with the Genetic Response to Nitrate Starvation in Arabidopsis Thaliana

Abstract : In eukaryotes, autophagy, a catabolic mechanism for macromolecule and protein recycling, allows the maintenance of amino acid pools and nutrient remobilization. For a better understanding of the relationship between autophagy and nitrogen metabolism, we studied the transcriptional plasticity of autophagy genes (ATG) in nine Arabidopsis accessions grown under normal and nitrate starvation conditions. The status of the N metabolism in accessions was monitored by measuring the relative expression of 11 genes related to N metabolism in rosette leaves. The transcriptional variation of the genes coding for enzymes involved in ammonium assimilation characterize the genetic diversity of the response to nitrate starvation. Starvation enhanced the expression of most of the autophagy genes tested, suggesting a control of autophagy at transcriptomic level by nitrogen. The diversity of the gene responses among natural accessions revealed the genetic variation existing for autophagy independently of the nutritive condition, and the degree of response to nitrate starvation. We showed here that the genetic diversity of the expression of N metabolism genes correlates with that of the ATG genes in the two nutritive conditions, suggesting that the basal autophagy activity is part of the integral response of the N metabolism to nitrate availability.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03160311
Contributor : Christopher Lallemant <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 5, 2021 - 10:06:43 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:32 PM

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Magali Bedu, Anne Marmagne, Céline Masclaux-Daubresse, Fabien Chardon. Transcriptional Plasticity of Autophagy-Related Genes Correlates with the Genetic Response to Nitrate Starvation in Arabidopsis Thaliana. Cells, MDPI, 2020, 9 (4), pp.1021. ⟨10.3390/cells9041021⟩. ⟨hal-03160311⟩

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