Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Exploring short k-mer profiles in cells and mobile elements from Archaea highlights the major influence of both the ecological niche and evolutionary history

Abstract : Background: K-mer-based methods have greatly advanced in recent years, largely driven by the realization of their biological significance and by the advent of next-generation sequencing. Their speed and their independence from the annotation process are major advantages. Their utility in the study of the mobilome has recently emerged and they seem a priori adapted to the patchy gene distribution and the lack of universal marker genes of viruses and plasmids. To provide a framework for the interpretation of results from k-mer based methods applied to archaea or their mobilome, we analyzed the 5-mer DNA profiles of close to 600 archaeal cells, viruses and plasmids. Archaea is one of the three domains of life. Archaea seem enriched in extremophiles and are associated with a high diversity of viral and plasmid families, many of which are specific to this domain. We explored the dataset structure by multivariate and statistical analyses, seeking to identify the underlying factors. Results: For cells, the 5-mer profiles were inconsistent with the phylogeny of archaea. At a finer taxonomic level, the influence of the taxonomy and the environmental constraints on 5-mer profiles was very strong. These two factors were interdependent to a significant extent, and the respective weights of their contributions varied according to the clade. A convergent adaptation was observed for the class Halobacteria, for which a strong 5-mer signature was identified. For mobile elements, coevolution with the host had a clear influence on their 5-mer profile. This enabled us to identify one previously known and one new case of recent host transfer based on the atypical composition of the mobile elements involved. Beyond the effect of coevolution, extrachromosomal elements strikingly retain the specific imprint of their own viral or plasmid taxonomic family in their 5-mer profile.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03176011
Contributor : Ariane Bize Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, March 22, 2021 - 9:37:33 AM
Last modification on : Monday, September 27, 2021 - 12:20:02 PM

File

2021_kmers_Archaea_mobile-elem...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

Ariane Bize, Cédric Midoux, Mahendra Mariadassou, Sophie Schbath, Patrick Forterre, et al.. Exploring short k-mer profiles in cells and mobile elements from Archaea highlights the major influence of both the ecological niche and evolutionary history. BMC Genomics, 2021, 22, ⟨10.1186/s12864-021-07471-y⟩. ⟨hal-03176011⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

36

Files downloads

22