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Neuroprotective effects of Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl. bark extract against Alzheimer’s disease

Abstract : Alzheimer disease's (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease induced by amyloid-beta (A beta) aggregation and accumulation of neurotoxic metals in the brain. Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl. (Oleaceae) is a Mediterranean plant traditionally used to treat several human problems as nervous system problems. This study aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of F. angustifolia Vahl. bark extract (FAB) in vitro and in vivo against A beta-aggregation and aluminium induced-neurotoxicity in mice. FAB was characterized by colorimetric methods and its individual compounds were identified and quantified by LC-MS. First, the neuroprotective effect of FAB was evaluated against A beta(25-35)-aggregation where it was directly incubated with A beta(25-35) and the kinetic of aggregation was measured by spectrophotometer at 200 nm. Then, the extract was tested against A beta(25-35)-induced cytotoxicity on PC12 cells and the cells viability was determined by MTT test. On the other hand, FAB (0.01 - 0.5 mg/mL) was tested against aluminium-activated lipid peroxidation in mice synaptosomal membranes, and in vivo against aluminium-caused neurotoxicity in male N.M.R.I. (Naval Medical Research Institute) mice; this test consisted of daily co-administration of the extract with Al for 60 days. At the end of the treatment, behavioral and memory tests (locomotor activity, black and white and Morris water maze tests) and histological analysis were realized. The identification and quantification of FAB phenolics revealed the presence of different phenolic classes with high concentration of phenylethanoids and hydroxycoumarins. FAB showed a high A beta(25-35) anti-aggregative effect and a dose dependent protective effect on PC12 cells. The extract also demonstrated a significant inhibition of lipid peroxidation and was found to prevent the Al harmful effects where it significantly increased the locomotor activity, decreased the anxiety, improved memory and reduced histological alterations. In conclusion, FAB is rich of bioactive compounds that gave it the ability to inhibit A beta-aggregation and Al-caused neurotoxicity in mice.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 22, 2021 - 9:57:43 AM
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Lila Azib, Nadjet Debbache-Benaida, Gregory da Costa, Dina Atmani-Kilani, Naima Saidene, et al.. Neuroprotective effects of Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl. bark extract against Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, Elsevier, 2020, 109, pp.1-8. ⟨10.1016/j.jchemneu.2020.101848⟩. ⟨hal-03176032⟩



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