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Non‐structural carbohydrates and sugar export in grapevine leaves exposed to different light regimes

Abstract : Light is a main environmental factor that determines leaf microclimate within the vine, as well as its photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolism. This study aimed to examine the relationships between photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, and the expression of related genes in leaves of grapevine grown under different radiation regimes. During the 2014/2015 growing season, an experiment was conducted on a Malbec vineyard (Vitis vinifera L.) in which four radiation exposure treatments were established on the leaves: (1) East, (2) West, (3) Sun, and (4) Shade (i.e., reduction in light intensity). Diurnal dynamics of photosynthesis and non-structural carbohydrates were measured and leaf export rates were calculated. Transcript profiles of leaf sugar transporters (VvHT1, VvHT3, VvSUC27), a sucrose phosphate synthase enzyme (VvSPS), and invertases (VvGIN1, VvCWI) were also examined. We showed that East and Sun leaves had higher daily photosynthetic and export rates than West leaves, which was mainly explained by the environmental conditions (air and leaf temperature, VPDleaf-air) and leaf water status. Shade leaves accumulated less starch and soluble sugars than exposed leaves, which correlated with a higher expression of hexose transporters and invertases. The hypotheses that these sugars in Shade leaves would play a role as signaling molecules and/or have increased sink strength and phloem unloading are discussed. These results allow us to understand the physiological and molecular behavior of leaves exposed to different radiation regimes, which can be used to design appropriate vineyard management practices.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03176780
Contributor : Marion Desailly <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 22, 2021 - 4:18:26 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 23, 2021 - 3:08:02 AM

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Silvina Dayer, Germán Murcia, Jorge Prieto, Martin Durán, Liliana Martinez, et al.. Non‐structural carbohydrates and sugar export in grapevine leaves exposed to different light regimes. Physiologia Plantarum, Wiley, 2021, ⟨10.1111/ppl.13258⟩. ⟨hal-03176780⟩

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