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Temporal differences in microbial composition of Époisses cheese rinds during ripening and storage

Abstract : Époisses is a protected designation of origin smear-ripened cheese from the Burgundy region in France. It has an orange color and a strong flavor, both of which are generated by surface microorganisms. The objective of the present study was to investigate the microbial dynamics at the surface of Époisses cheese during ripening and postmanufacturing storage at low temperatures. Rind samples were analyzed by enumeration on agar plates and by 16S rRNA gene and internal transcribed spacer amplicon sequencing. During most of the ripening process, the counts of yeasts, which corresponded to the species Debaryomyces hansenii and Geotrichum candidum, were higher than those of the aerobic acid-sensitive bacteria. Debaryomyces hansenii reached a level of about 3 × 108 cfu/cm2, and its viability strongly decreased in the late stage of ripening and during storage at 4°C. Two of the inoculated bacterial species, Brevibacterium aurantiacum and Staphylococcus xylosus, did not establish themselves at the cheese surface. At the end of ripening, among the 18 most abundant bacterial species detected by amplicon sequencing, 14 were gram-negative, mainly from genera Psychrobacter, Vibrio, Halomonas, and Mesonia. It was hypothesized that the high moisture level of the Époisses rinds, due the humid atmosphere of the ripening rooms and to the frequent washings of the curds, favored growth of these gram-negative species. These species may be of interest for the development of efficient ripening cultures. In addition, because the orange color of Époisses cheeses could not be attributed to the growth of Brevibacterium, it would be interesting to investigate the type and origin of the pigments that confer color to this cheese.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03192662
Contributor : Christophe Monnet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 8, 2021 - 11:34:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:32 PM

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F. Irlinger, Christophe Monnet. Temporal differences in microbial composition of Époisses cheese rinds during ripening and storage. Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2021, ⟨10.3168/jds.2021-20123⟩. ⟨hal-03192662⟩

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