Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Relation entre taux de couverture du sol et biomasse de résidus de cultures : une simplification prédictive est envisageable

Abstract : In a conservation agriculture system, crop residues are no longer mixed in a volume of ploughed soil, but maintained on the surface or partially buried. Their presence contributes to the sustainability of these systems by maintaining the agronomic and environmental balances. In this context, knowledge of the evolution of their quantity on the soil surface, from harvest to sowing of the next crop, becomes an important stake of soil management. Several authors have established a relationship between the soil cover ratio and biomass, specific to each plant species, from an identical formalism developed by Gregory (1982). The objectives of this work are to test its use in the pedoclimatic context of the Grand-Est region (France), after harvesting and during the residue degradation process, on several crops. This work has been carried out on farms practicing conservation agriculture for several years. The residues were ground during the harvest or a subsequent specific operation. Biomass data were collected using 0.5 m x 0.5 m frames, while ground cover were studied using digital photographs. The cover rates were calculated using an image analysis software. This work also compares two measurement periods: at the end of winter, several months after the harvest, and right after the summer harvest. The results show a very good correspondence between the soil cover ratio and the biomass measured on the ground, for all species and measurement periods, by adding a parameter to the Gregory (1982) formalism. The integration of spatial variability on the ground makes it possible to propose the use of a single linear adjustment that simplifies the prediction of soil cover ratio or the amount of biomass.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03199955
Contributor : Pascal Lallemant <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 16, 2021 - 10:01:18 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 18, 2021 - 3:46:31 AM

File

2019_Thiebeau_Cahiers agricult...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Pascal Thiebeau. Relation entre taux de couverture du sol et biomasse de résidus de cultures : une simplification prédictive est envisageable. Cahiers Agricultures, EDP Sciences, 2019, 28, pp.1-8. ⟨10.1051/cagri/2019031⟩. ⟨hal-03199955⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

29

Files downloads

41