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A review on cesium desorption at the freshwater-seawater interface

Abstract : Understanding the processes governing the behavior of radiocesium in the sea is still essential to make accurate assessments of its potential impacts on marine ecosystems. One of the most important of this process is the desorption that may occur at the river-sea interface due to changes in physico-chemical conditions, including ionic strength and solution composition. It has been the subject of many studies using field measurements or laboratory experiments, but there was no global interpretation of these works and their results. The present review summarizes relevant laboratory experiments studying desorption of Cs (stable or radioactive) from particles in sea or brackish waters. To date, 32 experimental studies have been carried out on 68 Cs-bearing samples since 1964. A wide range of desorbed fraction (0-86%) was observed, partly depending on the experimental design. For particles containing radiocesium issued from a contamination in the environment, the desorption ranges from 0 to 64% of the particulate activity, with a median at only 3%. Particles contaminated in laboratory show a range between 6 and 86% with a multimodal distribution. The desorption initiates at low salinity (3-4) and rapidly reaches a threshold around 10-15. Laboratory experiments show that two first-order reactions govern the kinetics of the process, with half-life reaction times of 1 h and a few days. These two reactions are probably linked to the adsorption of Cs onto different particles sites. Also, the dynamic of Cs desorption depends on its initial distribution on these different sites, in relation with the history of its contamination and an aging effect.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 3, 2021 - 10:52:16 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 4:06:44 PM

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A Delaval, C Duffa, O Radakovitch. A review on cesium desorption at the freshwater-seawater interface. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Elsevier, 2020, 218, pp.106255. ⟨10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106255⟩. ⟨hal-03215088⟩

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