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Quantitative carbonate sequence stratigraphy: Insights from stratigraphic forward models

Abstract : A method of quantitative sequence stratigraphy based on stratigraphic forward modeling is tested on carbonate sedimentary systems (CSSs), especially on shallow-water carbonate platforms. Unless clear three-dimensional (3-D) and two-dimensional stratigraphic geometries crop out or are imaged by seismic data, 3-D carbonate sequence stratigraphic architectures are reconstructed assuming that one single factor representing changes in the ratio of the accommodation rate and the sedimentation rate (A'/S') through time can describe complex 3-D carbonate stratigraphic architectures at the basin scale. In this work, it is demonstrated that despite using a unique accommodation curve and a time-constant carbonate production, the preservation of theoretical A'/S', regarded as the fundamental parameter of sequence stratigraphy, is incomplete and spatially variable throughout a simple carbonate platform stratigraphic architecture. The apparent A'/S' sequence stratigraphic parameters preserved in the stratigraphic records are distinguished from the actual A'/S' parameters that control the stratigraphic response of CSSs. During overall accommodation increase, prograding and retrograding geometries can be time equivalent whereas coeval shallowing-and deepening-upward sequences may form. Apparent A'/S' spatial trends in one dimension are not consistently correlated between proximal and distal locations and do not typify specific stratigraphic architectures. This is the direct consequence of the spatial and synchronous variations in carbonate production rates along the platform profile. These results indicate that the construction of carbonate sedimentary piles, including carbonate reservoirs, cannot be simply based on standard sequence stratigraphic correlations of sparse and distant locations along platform-to-slope sedimentary profiles. Limitations of sequence stratigraphic correlations and uncertainties of A'/S' rates are addressed from an actual CSS case study (Lower Cretaceous Urgonian platform, southern Provence, France). A quantitative carbonate sequence stratigraphic workflow based on stratigraphic forward modeling is proposed.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03215108
Contributor : Christopher Lallemant <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 3, 2021 - 10:39:02 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 3:04:19 AM

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Jean Borgomano, Cyprien Lanteaume, Philippe Léonide, François Fournier, Lucien Montaggioni, et al.. Quantitative carbonate sequence stratigraphy: Insights from stratigraphic forward models. AAPG Bulletin, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 2020, 104 (5), pp.1115-1142. ⟨10.1306/11111917396⟩. ⟨hal-03215108⟩

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