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Review of Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment in Poultry Meat: The Central Position of Consumer Behavior

Abstract : Food of animal origin, especially meat products, represent the main vehicle of foodborne pathogens and so are implicated in foodborne outbreaks. Poultry meat is a widely consumed food in various forms, but it is also a reservoir of thermotolerant Campylobacter and Salmonella bacterial species. To assess human health risks associated with pathogenic bacteria in poultry meat, the use of quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) has increased over the years as it is recognized to address complex food safety issues and is recommended by health authorities. The present project reviewed poultry meat QMRA, identified key steps of the farm-to-fork chain with significant impacts on food safety, highlighted current knowledge gaps, and provided risk mitigation advices. A PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)-based systematic analysis was carried out and enabled the collection of 4056 studies including 43 QMRA kept for analysis after screening. The latter emphasized Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. contaminations during the consumer stage as the main concern. The role of consumer handling on cross-contamination and undercooking events were of major concern. Thus, proper hygiene and safety practices by consumers have been suggested as the main intervention and would need to be followed with regular surveys to assess behavior changes and reduce knowledge gaps.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 10:00:51 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 25, 2022 - 8:14:02 AM


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Tahreem Khalid, Ammar Hdaifeh, Michel M. Federighi, Enda Cummins, Géraldine Boué, et al.. Review of Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment in Poultry Meat: The Central Position of Consumer Behavior. Foods, MDPI, 2020, 9 (11), pp.1-26. ⟨10.3390/foods9111661⟩. ⟨hal-03224966⟩



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