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Accounting for farmers’ control decisions in a model of pathogen spread through animal trade

Abstract : Accounting for individual decisions in mechanistic epidemiological models remains a challenge, especially for unregulated endemic animal diseases for which control is not compulsory. We propose a new integrative model by combining two sub-models. The first one for the dynamics of a livestock epidemic on a metapopulation network, grounded on demographic and animal trade data. The second one for farmers’ behavior regarding the adoption of a control measure against the disease spread in their herd. The measure is specified as a protective vaccine with given economic implications, and the model is numerically studied through intensive simulations and sensitivity analyses. While each tested parameter of the model has an impact on the overall model behavior, the most important factor in farmers’ decisions is their frequency, as this factor explained almost 30% of the variation in decision-related outputs of the model. Indeed, updating frequently local health information impacts positively vaccination, and limits strongly the propagation of the pathogen. Our study is relevant for the understanding of the interplay between decision-related human behavior and livestock epidemic dynamics. The model can be used for other structures of epidemic models or different interventions, by adapting its components.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03225211
Contributor : Lina Cristancho Fajardo <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 11:59:47 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 3:28:02 PM

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Lina Cristancho Fajardo, Pauline Ezanno, Elisabeta Vergu. Accounting for farmers’ control decisions in a model of pathogen spread through animal trade. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-88471-6⟩. ⟨hal-03225211⟩

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