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The Airway Pathobiome in Complex Respiratory Diseases: A Perspective in Domestic Animals

Abstract : Respiratory infections in domestic animals are a major issue for veterinary and livestock industry. Pathogens in the respiratory tract share their habitat with a myriad of commensal microorganisms. Increasing evidence points towards a respiratory pathobiome concept, integrating the dysbiotic bacterial communities, the host and the environment in a new understanding of respiratory disease etiology. During the infection, the airway microbiota likely regulates and is regulated by pathogens through diverse mechanisms, thereby acting either as a gatekeeper that provides resistance to pathogen colonization or enhancing their prevalence and bacterial co-infectivity, which often results in disease exacerbation. Insight into the complex interplay taking place in the respiratory tract between the pathogens, microbiota, the host and its environment during infection in domestic animals is a research field in its infancy in which most studies are focused on infections from enteric pathogens and gut microbiota. However, its understanding may improve pathogen control and reduce the severity of microbial-related diseases, including those with zoonotic potential.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03228289
Contributor : Nuria Mach <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 8:37:33 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 31, 2021 - 3:56:45 AM

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Núria Mach, Eric Baranowski, Laurent Nouvel, Christine Citti. The Airway Pathobiome in Complex Respiratory Diseases: A Perspective in Domestic Animals. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, Frontiers, 2021, 11, pp.583600. ⟨10.3389/fcimb.2021.583600⟩. ⟨hal-03228289⟩

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