Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Modulation of olfactory signal detection in the olfactory epithelium: focus on the internal and external environment, and the emerging role of the immune system

Abstract : Detection and discrimination of odorants by the olfactory system plays a pivotal role in animal survival. Olfactory-based behaviors must be adapted to an ever-changing environment. Part of these adaptations includes changes of odorant detection by olfactory sensory neurons localized in the olfactory epithelium. It is now well established that internal signals such as hormones, neurotransmitters, or paracrine signals directly affect the electric activity of olfactory neurons. Furthermore, recent data have shown that activity-dependent survival of olfactory neurons is important in the olfactory epithelium. Finally, as olfactory neurons are directly exposed to environmental toxicants and pathogens, the olfactory epithelium also interacts closely with the immune system leading to neuroimmune modulations. Here, we review how detection of odorants can be modulated in the vertebrate olfactory epithelium. We choose to focus on three cellular types of the olfactory epithelium (the olfactory sensory neuron, the sustentacular and microvillar cells) to present the diversity of modulation of the detection of odorant in the olfactory epithelium. We also present some of the growing literature on the importance of immune cells in the functioning of the olfactory epithelium, although their impact on odorant detection is only just beginning to be unravelled.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03231442
Contributor : Inrae Breed <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 20, 2021 - 5:22:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 10:57:52 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Bertrand Bryche, Christine Baly, Nicolas Meunier. Modulation of olfactory signal detection in the olfactory epithelium: focus on the internal and external environment, and the emerging role of the immune system. Cell and Tissue Research, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s00441-021-03467-y⟩. ⟨hal-03231442⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

17