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Acacia gums new fractions and sparkling base wines: How their biochemical and structural properties impact foamability?

Abstract : Foam is the first attribute observed when sparkling wine is served. Bentonite is essentially used to flocculate particles in sparkling base wines but can impair their foamability. Gums from Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal improved the foamability of different bentonite-treated base wines. Our main goal was to see how the supplementation with new fractions separated from Acacia gums by Ion Exchange Chromatography affected foamability of sparkling base wines, deepening the relation between foam behavior and characteristics of wine and gums. High molar mass fractions increased the maximal foam height and the foam height during the stability period in, respectively, 11 out and 8 out of 16 cases (69% and 50%, respectively). The properties of the supplementing gums fractions obtained by IEC and, although to a minor extent, the wine characteristics, affected positively and/ or negatively the foam behavior. Wine foamability also depended on the relationship between wine and gums fractions properties.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03235243
Contributor : Dominique Fournier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 4:54:54 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 3:41:56 AM

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Rafael Apolinar-Valiente, Thomas Salmon, Pascale Williams, Michaël Nigen, Christian Sanchez, et al.. Acacia gums new fractions and sparkling base wines: How their biochemical and structural properties impact foamability?. Food Chemistry, Elsevier, 2021, 354, pp.129477. ⟨10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.129477⟩. ⟨hal-03235243⟩

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