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Construction of simplified microbial consortia to degrade recalcitrant materials based on enrichment and dilution-to-extinction cultures

Abstract : Abstract The capacity of microbes degrading recalcitrant materials has been extensively explored from environmental remediation to industrial applications. Although significant achievements were obtained with single strains, focus is now going toward the use of microbial consortia because of advantages in terms of functional stability and efficiency. While consortia assembly attempts were made from several known single strains, another approach consists in obtaining consortia from complex environmental microbial communities in search for novel microbial species, genes and functions. However, assembling efficient microbial consortia from complex environmental communities is far from trivial due to large diversity and biotic interactions at play. Here we propose a strategy containing enrichment and dilution-to-extinction cultures to construct simplified microbial consortia (SMC) for keratinous waste management, from complex environmental communities. Gradual dilutions were performed from a keratinolytic microbial consortium, and dilution 10 −9 was selected to construct a SMC library. Further compositional analysis and keratinolytic activity assays demonstrated that microbial consortia were successfully simplified, without impacting their biodegradation capabilities. These SMC possess promising potential for efficient keratinous valorization. More importantly, this reasoning and methodology could be transferred to other topics involving screening for simplified communities for biodegradation, thus considerably broadening its application scope. Importance Microbial consortia have got more and more attention and extensive applications due to their potential advantages. However, a high diversity of microbes is likely to hide uncontrollable risks in practice specific to novel strains and complicated interaction networks. Exploring a convenient and efficient way to construct simplified microbial consortia is able to broaden the applied scope of microbes. This study presents the approach based on enrichment and dilution-to-extinction cultures, which gain abundance microbial consortia including some without losing efficiency from the enriched functional microbial community. The microbial interactions at the strain level were evaluated by using compositional identification and correlation analysis, which contribute to revealing the roles of microbes in the degradation process of recalcitrant materials. Our findings provide a systematic scheme to achieve optimizing microbial consortia for biodegradation from an environmental sample, could be readily applied to a range of recalcitrant materials management from environmental remediation to industrial applications.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03253729
Contributor : Noureddine El Mjiyad <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 8, 2021 - 2:04:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 9, 2021 - 3:34:40 AM

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Dingrong Kang, Samuel Jacquiod, Jakob Herschend, Shaodong Wei, Joseph Nesme, et al.. Construction of simplified microbial consortia to degrade recalcitrant materials based on enrichment and dilution-to-extinction cultures. 2021. ⟨hal-03253729⟩

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