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Detection and Identification of Oxidation Markers of the Reaction of Grape Tannins with Volatile Thiols Commonly Found in Wine

Lucas Suc 1 Peggy Rigou 1 Laetitia Mouls 1, *
* Corresponding author
Abstract : Condensed tannins undergo many modifications during winemaking and the aging of wine. These reactions take place between the various constituent units of the tannins as well with other types of molecules present in wines. This work aimed to highlight the potential reactions of tannins and aromas. After the monomeric standards of the reaction products were synthesized, the study of the reactivity of tannins (dimer B2, trimer C1, and grape seed tannins composed of 23% epicatechin-3-O-gallate) with aromas (3-sufanylhexan-1-ol, 4-methyl-4-sulfanylpentan-2-one, ethanethiol, and furfurylthiol) permitted identification of numerous reaction products. These tannin/aroma oxidation markers, detected after chemical depolymerization, allow for progress in the characterization of tannins in the oenological environment and the understanding of their reactivity toward the molecules present in the samples. A better characterization of tannins will make it possible to better measure the impact of these modifications on the organoleptic qualities of wines.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03254893
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 9, 2021 - 11:21:13 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 3:45:46 PM

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Lucas Suc, Peggy Rigou, Laetitia Mouls. Detection and Identification of Oxidation Markers of the Reaction of Grape Tannins with Volatile Thiols Commonly Found in Wine. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2021, 69 (10), pp.3199-3208. ⟨10.1021/acs.jafc.0c07163⟩. ⟨hal-03254893⟩

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