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Challenging the putative structure of mannan in wheat (Triticum aestivum) endosperm

Abstract : In wheat endosperm, mannan, is poorly documented. Nevertheless, this hemicellulosic polysaccharide might have a determinant role in wheat grain development since, in Arabidopsis thaliana, mutants with a reduced amount of mannan show an altered seed development. In order to gain knowledge about mannan in wheat, we have determined its biochemical structure in wheat endosperm where mannose content is about 0.2% (dry weight basis). We developed a method of enzymatic fingerprinting and isolated mannan-enriched fractions to decipher its fine structure. Although it is widely accepted that the class of mannan present in grass cell walls is glucomannan, our data indicate that, in wheat endosperm, this hemicellulose is only represented by short unsubstituted chains of 1,4 linked D-mannose residues and is slightly acetylated. Our study provides information regarding the interactions of mannan with other cell wall components and help to progress towards the understanding of monocot cell wall architecture and the mannan synthesis in wheat endosperm.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 4:43:08 PM
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Yves Verhertbruggen, Xavier Falourd, Marlayna Sterner, Fabienne Guillon, Christine Girousse, et al.. Challenging the putative structure of mannan in wheat (Triticum aestivum) endosperm. Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier, 2019, 224, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.115063⟩. ⟨hal-03261419⟩



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