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Analyse typologique des transhumances ovines de la région de Djelfa : Quel type pour quel avenir

Abstract : Transhumance is a common practice in agropastoral sheep farming. It provides access to additional pastures. However, this practice, which contributes to the balance of food systems, is experiencing difficulties. To maintain itself, it is diversifying its mobility strategies. Our questioning concerns the circuits, orientations and seasonality of current movements (or neo-transhumances). To address this reality, we used spatiotemporal data from different institutions (Ministry of Agriculture, Steppe Commission, etc.) and data from 30 participatory surveys among transhumant livestock farmers in the Djelfa region. The results of our studies highlighted 5 types of transhumance: continuous (6% of the total mobile workforce), intra-community (43%), winter (20%), summer (16%), and traditional (14%). These movements make it possible to provide 25 to 55% of the forage cover for animals. Agropastoralists are constantly adapting their orientations/circuits. However, the reduction of pastoral areas and climatic uncertainties make transhumance vulnerable. Harmonisation of various interests and the regulation of access to resources could potentiate these mobilities.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03261915
Contributor : Christelle Raynaud <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 16, 2021 - 11:10:14 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 16, 2021 - 10:01:06 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-03261915, version 1

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Johann Huguenin, Mohamed Kanoun, Ahmed Bellahrache, Amel Meguellati-Kanoun, Benidir Mohamed. Analyse typologique des transhumances ovines de la région de Djelfa : Quel type pour quel avenir. Seminar FAO-CIHEAM of the Sub-Network on Production Systems & Sub-Network on Nutrition, Oct 2019, Meknes, Morocco. pp.83-88. ⟨hal-03261915⟩

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