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Effects of feeding a live yeast on rumen fermentation and fiber degradability of tropical and subtropical forages

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The effect of live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain CNCM I-1077 (SC) on the ruminal degradability of different forages commonly found in dairy diets in South America was evaluated. We also assessed if SC supplementation interacts with forage group to affect ruminal fiber degradability. Four non-lactating rumen-cannulated Holstein cows were randomly assigned to two treatment sequences: Control-SC-Control or SC-Control-SC, in a switchback design, with three 30-day periods. Cows in the SC treatment were supplied with 1 × 10 10 colony-forming units of yeast daily via rumen cannula. In situ degradability of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (aNDF) was measured in 15 forages collected in South America. Forages were assigned to one of three groups: corn silages; tropical grasses (sugarcane silages and tropical grass silages); and temperate grasses and alfalfa (oat silages, ryegrass silages, alfalfa silage, and alfalfa hay). RESULTS: Cows supplemented with SC had higher (P = 0.05) counts of yeasts and lower (P = 0.03) concentration of lactate in rumen fluid. There was no interaction between forage group and yeast supplementation (P > 0.10) on in situ degradability. The SC increased DM (by 4.6%) and aNDF degradation (by 10.3%) at 24 h of incubation (P < 0.05). Metabolomics revealed that a chemical entity (C 17 H 29 N 6 O 3 , m/z 365.2284 [M + H] +) from the family of lipids and related molecules was suppressed in the rumen fluid of cows supplemented with SC. CONCLUSION: The SC supplementation improved DM and aNDF degradability regardless of the forage group.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 24, 2021 - 2:50:48 PM
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Amanda Camila Poppi, Gustavo Lazzari, Ana Luiza Mendonça Gomes, Rodolpho Martin Prado, Rafaela Takako Ribeiro Almeida, et al.. Effects of feeding a live yeast on rumen fermentation and fiber degradability of tropical and subtropical forages. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Wiley, 2021, ⟨10.1002/jsfa.11273⟩. ⟨hal-03270009⟩



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