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Food addiction among morbidly obese patients: prevalence and links with obesity complications

Abstract : Background In the context of obesity, little is known about the prevalence of food addiction nor about the phenotype of obese patients with food addiction. Objectives To assess: (i) the prevalence of food addiction among obese patients eligible for obesity surgery; (ii) the relationship between clinical features and the complications of obesity. Methods: Consecutive patients consulting for the first time were included. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) 2.0 questionnaire was used to diagnose food addiction and its severity. Demographics, clinical features, and obesity complications were systematically collected. Statistics: Student's test was used for numerical variables and Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables. Results A total of 292 patients were included: 79% female, age (mean +/- SD) 42.6 +/- 13.0 yrs., body mass index (BMI) 43.2 +/- 6.8 kg/m(2). One hundred and eight patients (37%) had food addiction: 58% severe, 33% moderate, 9% mild. Food addiction prevalence was 39% (n = 61/156) among patients eligible for obesity surgery. Food addiction was more frequent among the unemployed, compared to professionally active patients (41.0% vs. 33.5%, p = 0.046). Clinical and metabolic phenotypes and obesity complications were similar between patients with and without food addiction. Conclusion Food addiction was present in 37% of obese patients, but was not associated with clinical features or obesity complications. Therefore, it should be systemically assessed for appropriate management.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 4:44:43 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 3:31:45 PM



Mickaël Som, Aymery Constant, Teycir Zayani, Estelle Le Pabic, Romain Moirand, et al.. Food addiction among morbidly obese patients: prevalence and links with obesity complications. Journal of Addictive Diseases, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), In press, ⟨10.1080/10550887.2021.1939630⟩. ⟨hal-03277148⟩



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