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Impact of high-power ultrasound for barrel regeneration on the extraction of wood volatile and non-volatile compounds

Abstract : High-power ultrasound (HPU) is an innovative cleaning method used in wineries for oak barrel sanitation and regeneration. The process is associated with hot water (HPUhw) to ensure microbial stabilization and has been proved to be highly effective in recent years. This study thus examines the impact of different cleaning treatments on the subsequent extraction of wood compounds in wine and their impact on organoleptic properties. Red wines aging in barrels treated (HPUhw and steam) in different years (1, 2, and 3 years) were examined during the first 12 months for chemical exchange from wood to wine. Specific analyses were realized on ellagitannins, the physicochemical composition, and oak wood volatile compounds. Only a small increase in some wood volatile compounds occurred in the case of HPUhw, including furfural, 5-methylfurfural, trans-whisky lactone, vanillin, and syringaldehyde. The sensory analysis carried out by a panel of experts showed that the impact on the organoleptic properties of wines is similar with both processes (HPUhw and steam). However, since HPUhw treatment requires lower energy for the same efficiency, it could be an interesting alternative to steam treatment, given the promising prior microbial results.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03277811
Contributor : Marion Desailly <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 9:46:00 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 3:10:28 AM

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Marion Breniaux, Philippe Renault, Rémy Ghidossi. Impact of high-power ultrasound for barrel regeneration on the extraction of wood volatile and non-volatile compounds. Processes, MDPI, 2021, 9 (6), pp.1-11. ⟨10.3390/pr9060959⟩. ⟨hal-03277811⟩

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