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Transcriptional modulation of AREB-1 by CRISPRa improves plant physiological performance under severe water deficit

Abstract : Abstract Plants are sessile organisms, which are vulnerable to environmental stresses. As such, plants have developed multiple molecular, physiological, and cellular mechanisms to cope with natural stressors. However, these environmental adversities, including drought, are sources of the main agribusiness problems since they interfere with plant growth and productivity. Particularly under water deprivation conditions, the abscisic acid-responsive element-binding protein AREB1/ABF2 plays an important role in drought stress response and physiological adaptation. In this investigation, we provide substantial confirmation for the role of AREB1/ABF2 in plant survival under severe water deficit using the CRISPR activation (CRISPRa) technique to enhance the AREB1 gene expression. In our strategy, the inactive nuclease dCas9 was fused with an Arabidopsis histone acetyltransferase 1, which improves gene expression by remodeling chromatin. The AREB1 overexpression promotes an improvement in the physiological performance of the transgenic homozygous plants under drought, which was associated with an increase in chlorophyll content, antioxidant enzyme activity, and soluble sugar accumulation, leading to lower reactive oxygen species accumulation. Finally, we found that the CRISPR-mediated up-regulation of AREB1 changes the abundance of several downstream ABA-inducible genes, allowing us to report that CRISPRa dCas9-HAT is a valuable biotechnological tool to improve drought stress tolerance through the positive regulation of AREB1 .
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03277964
Contributor : Roselyne Tâche <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 11:33:51 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 4:30:27 AM

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Bruno Paes de Melo, Isabela Tristan Lourenço-Tessutti, Joaquin Felipe Roca Paixão, Daniel David Noriega, Maria Cristina Mattar Silva, et al.. Transcriptional modulation of AREB-1 by CRISPRa improves plant physiological performance under severe water deficit. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-72464-y⟩. ⟨hal-03277964⟩

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