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Contribution of volatile odorous terpenoid compounds to aged cognac spirits aroma in a context of multicomponent odor mixtures

Abstract : Cognac spirit aromas result from the presence of a wide variety of volatile odorous compounds associated with the modalities of spirit distillation and aging. However, very few studies have been carried out on aging notes of Cognac spirits. An HPLC fractionation approach was used in order to evidence fractions of interest recalling the specific aromatic nuances of aged Cognac. Then, a GC-O/MS analysis of the selected fractions allowed one to detect odorous zones and identify several volatile compounds. Among them, various well-known volatile compounds representative of the terpenoid family were highlighted, such as geraniol, α-terpinene, nerol, α-terpineol, 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol) and, particularly, piperitone, santalol, and α-campholenal, which have not previously been cited in Cognac. These compounds were quantitated and their detection thresholds were determined. Geraniol, α-terpinene, α-terpineol, and 1,8-cineole concentrations increased while spirits were more aged, while nerol tends to decrease. A sensory contribution of terpenes was observed through perceptual synergic effects, along with β-damascenone and whisky lactone.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03287994
Contributor : Marion Desailly <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 16, 2021 - 9:36:19 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 17, 2021 - 3:12:22 AM

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Fannie Thibaud, Marie Courregelongue, Philippe Darriet. Contribution of volatile odorous terpenoid compounds to aged cognac spirits aroma in a context of multicomponent odor mixtures. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2020, 68 (47), pp.13310-13318. ⟨10.1021/acs.jafc.9b06656⟩. ⟨hal-03287994⟩

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