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Impact of Temperature on the Immune Interaction between a Parasitoid Wasp and Drosophila Host Species

Abstract : Temperature is particularly important for ectotherms, including endoparasitoid wasps that develop inside another ectotherm host. In this study, we tested the impact of three temperatures (20 °C, 25 °C and 30 °C) on the host–parasitoid immune interaction using two Drosophila host species (Drosophila melanogaster and D. yakuba) and two parasitoid lines of Leptopilina boulardi. Drosophila’s immune defense against parasitoids consists of the formation of a melanized capsule surrounding the parasitoid egg. To counteract this response, Leptopilina parasitoids rely on the injection of venom during oviposition. Here, we tested the effect of temperature on parasitic success and host encapsulation capacity in response to a parasitoid egg or other foreign body. Increased temperature either promoted or did not affect the parasitic success, depending on the parasitoid–host pairs considered. The mechanisms behind the higher success seemed to vary depending on whether the temperature primarily affected the host immune response or also affected the parasitoid counter-immune response. Next, we tested the effect of parasitoid rearing temperature on its success and venom composition. Venom composition varied strongly with temperature for both parasitoid lines, partially consistent with a change in their parasitic success. Overall, temperature may have a significant impact on the host–parasitoid immune interaction.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03291371
Contributor : Jean-Luc Gatti <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 5:03:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 21, 2021 - 3:48:37 AM

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Fanny Cavigliasso, Jean-Luc Gatti, Dominique Colinet, Marylène Poirié. Impact of Temperature on the Immune Interaction between a Parasitoid Wasp and Drosophila Host Species. Insects, MDPI, 2021, 12 (7), pp.647. ⟨10.3390/insects12070647⟩. ⟨hal-03291371⟩

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