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Une approche holistique de l’élevage, au cœur des enjeux de santé animale, humaine et environnementale

Abstract : In Western countries, questions about livestock systems and the consumption of animal products are more and more numerous. Rethinking the overall consumption of animal products in parallel with the sizing and reorientation of farms is becoming necessary for health and environmental reasons. In this context, we propose a holistic approach to bring out possible solutions that take into account the effects of interdependence between the health of living organisms and their environment, and the diversity of situations. We show that the reduction of the current overconsumption of animal products is necessary, in particular for meat. However, animal products provide key nutriments for human health, and some agro-ecological livestock systems help to reduce impacts or provide positive externalities. It is about changing diets while reconfiguring and reorienting livestock systems. This implies, among other things, taking into account international trade, and changing value chains for animal breeding or legumes, for example. Finally, we stress the importance of the role of public policies in stimulating the implementation of these changes, right down to the consumer’s diet.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03294269
Contributor : Christelle Raynaud <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 21, 2021 - 3:01:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 22, 2021 - 10:17:46 AM

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Michel Duru, Claire Le Bras, Myriam Grillot. Une approche holistique de l’élevage, au cœur des enjeux de santé animale, humaine et environnementale. Cahiers Agricultures, EDP Sciences, 2021, 30, pp.26. ⟨10.1051/cagri/2021013⟩. ⟨hal-03294269⟩

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