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One-step purification/extraction method to access glyphosate, glufosinate, and their metabolites in natural waters

Abstract : A new green method for trace level quantification of four herbicides, glyphosate (GLYP), glufosinate (GLUF), and their main metabolites, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) and 3-(methyl-phosphinico)propionic acid (MPPA), was developed. The purification step without any derivatization was conducted by solid-phase extraction using Chelex-100 resin in the Fe (III) form, followed by elution with 5% NH4OH. The four analytes were quantified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. The developed extraction method was validated on five fresh and sea water matrices with mean recoveries ranging from 80.1% to 109.4% (relative standard deviation < 20%). The extraction conditions were evaluated and certified for the high applicability of the extraction method too. The limits of detection (ng/L) in the five water matrices were in ranges 0.70 - 4.0, 2.4 - 3.9, 1.8 - 4.7, and 1.6 - 4.0 for GLYP, AMPA, GLUF, and MPPA, respectively. The method was successfully applied to detect the four compounds in surface waters sampled along the Red River Delta region in July 2019. The highest concentrations were detected at 565, 1,330, 234, and 871 ng/L for GLYP, AMPA, GLUF, and MPPA, respectively. These results showed the potential capacity of this new method for convenient monitoring of herbicides and their metabolites in the diverse natural water system.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03301409
Contributor : Hélène Lesur <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2021 - 2:47:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 4:06:45 AM

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Cam Tu Vu, Phuong Thu Le, Dinh Binh Chu, van Hoi Bui, Thi Lan Anh Phung, et al.. One-step purification/extraction method to access glyphosate, glufosinate, and their metabolites in natural waters. Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, 2021, 1649, ⟨10.1016/j.chroma.2021.462188⟩. ⟨hal-03301409⟩

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