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Metapopulation Structure Predicts Population Dynamics in the Cakile maritima – Alternaria brassicicola Host-Pathogen Interaction

Abstract : In symbiotic interactions, spatiotemporal variation in the distribution or population dynamics of one species represents spatial and temporal heterogeneity of the landscape for the other. Such interdependent demographic dynamics result in situations where the relative importance of biotic and abiotic factors in determining ecological processes is complicated to decipher. Using a detailed survey of three metapopulations of the succulent plant Cakile maritima and the necrotrophic fungus Alternaria brassicicola located along the southeastern Australian coast, we developed a series of statistical analyses-namely, synchrony analysis, patch occupancy dynamics, and a spatially explicit metapopulation model-to understand how habitat quality, weather conditions, dispersal, and spatial structure determine metapopulation dynamics. Climatic conditions are important drivers, likely explaining the high synchrony among populations. Host availability, landscape features facilitating dispersal, and habitat conditions also impact the occurrence and spread of disease. Overall, we show that the collection of extensive data on host and pathogen population dynamics, in combination with spatially explicit epidemiological modeling, makes it possible to accurately predict disease dynamics-even when there is extreme variability in host population dynamics. Finally, we discuss the importance of genetic information for predicting demographic dynamics in this pathosystem.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03313842
Contributor : Nelly Lucas <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 4, 2021 - 6:07:19 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:10:45 AM

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Julien Papaïx, Jeremy Burdon, Emily Walker, Luke Barrett, Peter Thrall. Metapopulation Structure Predicts Population Dynamics in the Cakile maritima – Alternaria brassicicola Host-Pathogen Interaction. American Naturalist, University of Chicago Press, 2021, 197 (2), pp.E55-E71. ⟨10.1086/712248⟩. ⟨hal-03313842⟩

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