Electrochemical analysis of a microbial electrochemical snorkel in laboratory and constructed wetlands - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Bioelectrochemistry Year : 2021

Electrochemical analysis of a microbial electrochemical snorkel in laboratory and constructed wetlands

Abstract

Microbial electrochemical snorkel (MES) is a short-circuited microbial fuel cell applicable to water treatment that does not produce energy but requires lower cost for its implementation. Few reports have already described its water treatment capabilities but no deeper electrochemical analysis were yet performed. We tested various materials (iron, stainless steel and porous graphite) and configurations of snorkel in order to better understand the rules that will control in a wetland the mixed potential of this self-powered system. We designed a model snorkel that was studied in laboratory and on the field. We confirmed the development of MES by identifying anodic and cathodic parts, by measuring the current between them and by analyzing microbial ecology in laboratory and field experiments. An important application is denitrification of surface water. Here we discuss the influence of nitrate on its electrochemical response and denitrification performances. Introducing nitrate caused the increase of the mixed potential of MES and of current at a potential value relatively more positive than for nitrate-reducing biocathodes described in the literature. The major criteria for promoting application of MES in artificial wetland dedicated to mitigation of non-point source nitrate pollution from agricultural water are considered.
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Origin Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03318075 , version 1 (09-08-2021)

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Joanna Rogińska, Michel Perdicakis, Cédric Midoux, Théodore Bouchez, Christelle Despas, et al.. Electrochemical analysis of a microbial electrochemical snorkel in laboratory and constructed wetlands. Bioelectrochemistry, 2021, 142, pp.107895. ⟨10.1016/j.bioelechem.2021.107895⟩. ⟨hal-03318075⟩
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