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Selective Pseudo-irreversible Butyrylcholinesterase Inhibitors Transferring Antioxidant Moieties to the Enzyme Show Pronounced Neuroprotective Efficacy In Vitro and In Vivo in an Alzheimer’s Disease Mouse Model

Abstract : A series of multitarget-directed ligands (MTDLs) was designed by functionalizing a pseudo-irreversible butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitor. The obtained hybrids were investigated in vitro regarding their hBChE and hAChE inhibition, their enzyme kinetics, and their antioxidant physicochemical properties (DPPH, ORAC, metal chelating). In addition, in vitro assays were applied to investigate antioxidant effects using murine hippocampal HT22 cells and immunomodulatory effects on the murine microglial N9 cell line. The MTDLs retained their antioxidative properties compared to the parent antioxidant-moieties in vitro and the inhibition of hBChE was maintained in the submicromolar range. Representative compounds were tested in a pharmacological Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model and demonstrated very high efficacy at doses as low as 0.1 mg/kg. The most promising compound was also tested in BChE(-/-) mice and showed reduced efficacy. In vivo neuroprotection by BChE inhibition can be effectively enhanced by incorporation of structurally diverse antioxidant moieties.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03319890
Contributor : Christelle Raynaud <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 13, 2021 - 2:24:12 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 2:50:09 PM

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Matthias Scheiner, Matthias Hoffmann, Feng He, Eleonora Poeta, Arnaud Chatonnet, et al.. Selective Pseudo-irreversible Butyrylcholinesterase Inhibitors Transferring Antioxidant Moieties to the Enzyme Show Pronounced Neuroprotective Efficacy In Vitro and In Vivo in an Alzheimer’s Disease Mouse Model. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2021, 64 (13), pp.9302-9320. ⟨10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c00534⟩. ⟨hal-03319890⟩

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