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A Simulation-Based Error Budget of the TES Method for the Design of the Spectral Configuration of the Micro-Bolometer-Based MISTIGRI Thermal Infrared Sensor

Abstract : In preparation of the micro-bolometer-based MIcro Satellite for Thermal Infrared GRound surface Imaging (MISTIGRI) mission, we study the error budget of the Temperature-Emissivity Separation (TES) method using several spectral configurations that differ in channel numbers, locations, and widths. The error budget quantifies the contribution of 1) the TES underlying assumption about emissivity spectral contrast, 2) the errors on atmospheric corrections, and 3) the instrumental noise. When dealing with atmospheric corrections, we consider errors in atmospheric temperature, water vapor content, and concentrations of CO₂ and O₃. To that end, we design an end-to-end simulator of MISTIGRI measurements in order to simulate the radiative and biophysical quantities involved in the data processing. We conduct numerous simulations over a wide range of realistic setups that include cavity effect, i.e., radiance trapping within vegetation canopy. In the case of micro-bolometer-based sensing, the current study highlights that atmospheric and instrumental noises have similar impacts on the TES retrievals, with resulting errors twice as large as those due to the TES intrinsic assumption about spectral contrast, where the latter contributes to the TES error budget within the [0.005-0.009] interval for emissivity, and within the [0.3-0.4 K] interval for land surface temperature (LST). Also, we show that retrieval performance of surface temperature is very similar across all considered MISTIGRI spectral configurations, with RMSE variation within 0.2 K. Eventually, our study permits us to select a 4-channels spectral configuration as the most suited for the MISTIGRI instrument, notably because it enables a moderately better capture of the emissivity contrast than a 3-channels one.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03325031
Contributor : Hélène Lesur <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 24, 2021 - 11:41:57 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:44:45 PM

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Frédéric Jacob, Thomas Vidal, Audrey Lesaignoux, A. Olioso, Marie Weiss, et al.. A Simulation-Based Error Budget of the TES Method for the Design of the Spectral Configuration of the Micro-Bolometer-Based MISTIGRI Thermal Infrared Sensor. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2021, pp.1-19. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2021.3099896⟩. ⟨hal-03325031⟩

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