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High-level de novo biosynthesis of glycosylated zeaxanthin and astaxanthin in Escherichia coli

Abstract : Because of wide applications in food, feed, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, the carotenoid market is growing rapidly. Most carotenoids are hydrophobic, which limits their bioavailability. Glycosylation is a natural route that substantially increases the water solubility, as well as the bioavailability, photostability and biological activities of carotenoids. Here, we report metabolic engineering efforts (e.g., promoter and RBS engineering, optimization of carbon sources and supplementation of bottleneck genes) to produce glycosylated carotenoids in Escherichia coli . By fine-tuning the carotenoid-biosynthetic genes ( crtX , crtZ and crtY ), our strain produced up to 47.2 mg/L (~ 11,670 ppm) of zeaxanthin glucosides, ~ 78% of the total carotenoids produced. In another construct with mevalonate, astaxanthin pathway and crtX genes, the strain produced a mixture of carotenoid glucosides including astaxanthin and adonixanthin glucosides with a total yield of 8.1 mg/L (1774 ppm). Our work demonstrated a proof-of-concept study for the microbial biosynthesis of glycosylated carotenoids.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 30, 2021 - 1:14:59 PM
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Xixian Chen, Xiaohui Lim, Aurélie Bouin, Thomas Lautier, Congqiang Zhang. High-level de novo biosynthesis of glycosylated zeaxanthin and astaxanthin in Escherichia coli. Bioresources and Bioprocessing, Springer, 2021, 8 (1), ⟨10.1186/s40643-021-00415-0⟩. ⟨hal-03328800⟩



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