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Salicylic acid is a key player of Arabidopsis autophagy mutant susceptibility to the necrotrophic bacterium Dickeya dadantii

Abstract : Autophagy is a ubiquitous vesicular process for protein and organelle recycling in eukaryotes. In plant, autophagy is reported to play pivotal roles in nutrient recycling, adaptation to biotic and abiotic stresses. The role of autophagy in plant immunity remains poorly understood. Several reports showed enhanced susceptibility of different Arabidopsis autophagy mutants ( atg ) to necrotrophic fungal pathogens. Interaction of necrotrophic bacterial pathogens with autophagy is overlooked. We then investigated such interaction by inoculating the necrotrophic enterobacterium Dickeya dadantii in leaves of the atg2 and atg5 mutants and an ATG8a overexpressing line. Overexpressing ATG8a enhances plant tolerance to D. dadantii . While atg5 mutant displayed similar susceptibility to the WT, the atg2 mutant exhibited accelerated leaf senescence and enhanced susceptibility upon infection. Both phenotypes were reversed when the sid2 mutation, abolishing SA signaling, was introduced in the atg2 mutant. High levels of SA signaling in atg2 mutant resulted in repression of the jasmonic acid (JA) defense pathway known to limit D. dadantii progression in A. thaliana . We provide evidence that in atg2 mutant, the disturbed hormonal balance leading to higher SA signaling is the main factor causing increased susceptibility to the D. dadantii necrotroph by repressing the JA pathway and accelerating developmental senescence.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03331951
Contributor : Camille Serva <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 12:25:32 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, September 5, 2021 - 3:23:12 AM

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Martine Rigault, Sylvie Citerne, Céline Masclaux-Daubresse, Alia Dellagi. Salicylic acid is a key player of Arabidopsis autophagy mutant susceptibility to the necrotrophic bacterium Dickeya dadantii. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-83067-6⟩. ⟨hal-03331951⟩

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