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Infectious Bovine Respiratory Diseases in Adult Cattle: An Extensive Necropsic and Etiological Study

Abstract : In young cattle, bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is a major cause of death and Mannheimia haemolytica is a frequent pathogen. Knowledge of fatal BRD in adult cattle is more limited. We assessed the importance of infectious BRD as a cause of death in adult cattle and determined the associated pathogens. We analyzed data from 737 adult cattle necropsies at the Pathology Unit for Large Animals at Oniris, Nantes, France over a 6 year period (2013–2019). Each carcass was subjected to a complete necropsy. Lungs showing macroscopic lesions were classified into three categories: infectious primary pulmonary (IPP) lesions, thromboembolic pneumonia (TEP) and others (aspiration pneumonia, verminous pneumonia, and local extension of an extra-pulmonary inflammatory process). Half of the lungs with IPP macroscopic lesions were sampled for histology and submitted for polymerase chain reaction. BRD was the second leading cause of death (15.7%) after digestive diseases (32.2%). A strong predominance of IPP lesions (42.3%) and TEP lesions (39.6%) was also demonstrated. In IPP macroscopic lesions, fibrinous, hemorrhagic and/or hecrotic (FHN) bronchopneumonia accounted for 77.6% of macroscopic lesions. Mannheimia haemolytica was significantly associated with FHN bronchopneumonia macroscopic lesions. This study suggests that Mannheimia haemolytica should be included in the differential diagnosis of BRD in adult cattle.
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Contributor : Michel Leroux <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 11:51:02 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 11, 2021 - 3:41:19 AM


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Laëtitia Dorso, Maud Rouault, Claire Barbotin, Christophe Chartier, Sébastien Assié. Infectious Bovine Respiratory Diseases in Adult Cattle: An Extensive Necropsic and Etiological Study. Animals, MDPI, 2021, 11 (8), pp.2280. ⟨10.3390/ani11082280⟩. ⟨hal-03340624⟩



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