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Differential transcriptional regulation of the NANOG gene in chicken primordial germ cells and embryonic stem cells

Abstract : NANOG is a core transcription factor (TF) in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and primordial germ cells (PGCs). Regulation of the NANOG gene by TFs, epigenetic factors, and autoregulatory factors is well characterized in ESCs, and transcriptional regulation of NANOG is well established in these cells. Although NANOG plays a key role in germ cells, the molecular mechanism underlying its transcriptional regulation in PGCs has not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the mechanism that regulates transcription of the chicken NANOG ( cNANOG) gene in PGCs and ESCs. We first identified the transcription start site of cNANOG by 5′-rapid amplification of cDNA ends PCR analysis. Then, we measured the promoter activity of various 5′ flanking regions of cNANOG in chicken PGCs and ESCs using the luciferase reporter assay. cNANOG expression required transcriptional regulatory elements, which were positively regulated by POU5F3 ( OCT4) and SOX2 and negatively regulated by TP53 in PGCs. The proximal region of the cNANOG promoter contains a positive transcriptional regulatory element (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ( CEBP )-binding site) in ESCs. Furthermore, small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown demonstrated that POU5F3 , SOX2 , and CEBP played a role in cell type-specific transcription of cNANOG . We show for the first time that different trans -regulatory elements control transcription of cNANOG in a cell type-specific manner. This finding might help to elucidate the mechanism that regulates cNANOG expression in PGCs and ESCs.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03341249
Contributor : Agnès Girard <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 3:51:36 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 10:50:56 AM

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Hee Jung Choi, So Dam Jin, Deivendran Rengaraj, Jin Hwa Kim, Bertrand Pain, et al.. Differential transcriptional regulation of the NANOG gene in chicken primordial germ cells and embryonic stem cells. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology , BioMed Central, 2021, 12 (1), ⟨10.1186/s40104-021-00563-5⟩. ⟨hal-03341249⟩

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