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How to achieve a higher selection plateau in forest tree breeding? Fostering Heterozygote x Homozygote relationships in Optimal Contribution Selection in the case study of Populus nigra: Heterozygote x Homozygote in OCS

Abstract : In breeding, Optimal Contribution Selection (OCS) is one of the most effective strategies to balance short- and long-term genetic responses, by maximizing genetic gain and minimizing global coancestry. Considering genetic diversity in the selection dynamic – through coancestry – is undoubtedly the reason for the success of OCS, as it avoids preliminary loss of favorable alleles. Originally formulated with the pedigree relationship matrix, global coancestry can nowadays be assessed with one of the possible formulations of the realized genomic relationship matrix. Most formulations were optimized for genomic evaluation, but few for the management of coancestry. We introduce here an alternative formulation specifically developed for Genomic OCS (GOCS), intended to better control heterozygous loci, and thus better account for Mendelian sampling. We simulated a multi-generation breeding program with mate allocation and under GOCS for twenty generations, solved with quadratic programming. With the case study of Populus nigra, we have shown that, although the dynamic was mainly determined by the trade-off between genetic gain and genetic diversity, better formulations of the genomic relationship matrix, especially those fostering individuals carrying multiple heterozygous loci, can lead to better short-term genetic gain and a higher selection plateau.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03347727
Contributor : Leopoldo Sanchez-Rodriguez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 2:26:35 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 9:33:47 AM

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Mathieu Tiret, Marie Pégard, Leopoldo Sanchez. How to achieve a higher selection plateau in forest tree breeding? Fostering Heterozygote x Homozygote relationships in Optimal Contribution Selection in the case study of Populus nigra: Heterozygote x Homozygote in OCS. Evolutionary Applications, 2021, 14, pp.2635-2646. ⟨10.1111/eva.13300⟩. ⟨hal-03347727⟩

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