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Behavior Comparison During Chronic Heat Stress in Large White and Creole Pigs Using Image-Analysis

Abstract : Behavior is a good indicator of animal welfare, especially in challenging environments. However, few studies have investigated how pig behavior changes during heat stress. The current study is a proof-of-concept using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models to monitor pig behavior in order to investigate the differences in behavioral response to heat stress of two contrasted breeds: Large White (LW), selected for high performance, and Creole (CR), adapted to tropical conditions. A total of 6 slaughter pigs (3 CR and 3 LW; 22 weeks of age) were monitored from 8:30 to 17:30 during 54 days. Two CNN architectures were used to detect the animal (Yolo v2) and to estimate animal's posture (GoogleNet). Pig postures estimated by the neural network showed that pigs spent more time lying on their side when temperature increased. When comparing the two breeds, as temperature increases, CR pigs spent more time lying on their side than LW pigs, suggesting that they use this posture to increase thermoregulation and dissipate heat more efficiently. This study demonstrates that neural network models are an efficient tool to monitor animal behavior in an automated way, which could be particularly relevant to characterize breed adaptation to challenging environments.
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Contributor : Nausicaa Poullet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, December 10, 2021 - 4:52:20 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 2, 2022 - 3:38:13 AM

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Mathieu Bonneau, Nausicaa Poullet, David Beramice, Laurent Dantec, Laurianne Canario, et al.. Behavior Comparison During Chronic Heat Stress in Large White and Creole Pigs Using Image-Analysis. Frontiers in Animal Science, 2021, 2, ⟨10.3389/fanim.2021.784376⟩. ⟨hal-03475225⟩



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