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Preprints, Working Papers, ... (Preprint) Year : 2021

Mapping pediatric brain tumors to their origins in the developing cerebellum

Abstract

Understanding the cellular origins of childhood brain tumors is key for discovering novel tumor-specific therapeutic targets. Previous strategies mapping cellular origins typically involved comparing human tumors to murine embryonal tissues 1,2 , a potentially imperfect approach due to spatio-temporal gene expression differences between species 3 . Here we use an unprecedented single-nucleus atlas of the developing human cerebellum (Sepp, Leiss, et al) and extensive bulk and single-cell transcriptome tumor data to map their cellular origins with focus on three most common pediatric brain tumors – pilocytic astrocytoma, ependymoma, and medulloblastoma. Using custom bioinformatics approaches, we postulate the astroglial and glial lineages as the origins for posterior fossa ependymomas and radiation-induced gliomas (secondary tumors after medulloblastoma treatment), respectively. Moreover, we confirm that SHH, Group3 and Group4 medulloblastomas stem from granule cell/unipolar brush cell lineages, whereas we propose pilocytic astrocytoma to originate from the oligodendrocyte lineage. We also identify genes shared between the cerebellar lineage of origin and corresponding tumors, and genes that are tumor specific; both gene sets represent promising therapeutic targets. As a common feature among most cerebellar tumors, we observed compositional heterogeneity in terms of similarity to normal cells, suggesting that tumors arise from or differentiate into multiple points along the cerebellar “lineage of origin”.

Dates and versions

hal-03516521 , version 1 (07-01-2022)

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Konstantin Okonechnikov, Piyush Joshi, Mari Sepp, Kevin Leiss, Ioannis Sarropoulos, et al.. Mapping pediatric brain tumors to their origins in the developing cerebellum. 2022. ⟨hal-03516521⟩

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