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Journal Articles Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2021

Dynamic Development of White Lupin Rootlets Along a Cluster Root

Abstract

White lupin produces cluster roots in response to phosphorus deficiency. Along the cluster root, numerous short rootlets successively appear, creating a spatial and temporal gradient of developmental stages that constitutes a powerful biological model to study the dynamics of the structural and functional evolution of these organs. The present study proposes a fine histochemical, transcriptomic and functional analysis of the rootlet development from its emergence to its final length. Between these two stages, the tissue structures of the rootlets were observed, the course of transcript expressions for the genes differentially expressed was monitored and some physiological events linked to Pi nutrition were followed. A switch between (i) a growing phase, in which a normal apical meristem is present and (ii) a specialized phase for nutrition, in which the rootlet is completely differentiated, was highlighted. In the final stage of its determinate growth, the rootlet is an organ with a very active metabolism, especially for the solubilization and absorption of several nutrients. This work discusses how the transition between a growing to a determinate state in response to nutritional stresses is found in other species and underlines the fundamental dilemma of roots between soil exploration and soil exploitation.
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hal-03541238 , version 1 (24-01-2022)

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Tamara Le Thanh, Bárbara Hufnagel, Alexandre Soriano, Fanchon Divol, Laurent Brottier, et al.. Dynamic Development of White Lupin Rootlets Along a Cluster Root. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2021, 12, pp.15. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2021.738172⟩. ⟨hal-03541238⟩
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