Anaplasma capra in sheep and goats on Corsica Island, France: A European lineage within A. capra clade II? - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Year : 2022

Anaplasma capra in sheep and goats on Corsica Island, France: A European lineage within A. capra clade II?

Abstract

Anaplasmosis is a tick-transmitted disease due to several species of the genus Anaplasma. In 2019, we demonstrated the presence of Anaplasma capra in two deer species at a zoological park in mainland France. As we suspected its presence in Corsica, we surveyed 11 geographically distant sheep or goat farms. Using molecular tools such as nested PCR targeting 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA), citrate synthase (gltA) and heat-shock protein (groEL) genes, we detected the presence of A. capra on 5/11 farms, in 26/108 blood samples (24%), in sheep as well as in goats. Genotyping and phylogenetic analysis of A. capra revealed that isolates from Corsica island grouped closely with A. capra isolates reported in red deer and swamp deer from a zoological reserve in mainland France, as well as in roe deer from Spain, in a separate and well supported clade within A. capra clade II. This third report of the tick-borne bacterium A. capra in Europe suggests a potentially larger presence of this pathogen on the European continent, on domestic, native as well as wild ruminants, a broad host range already described in Asian countries for this species.

Dates and versions

hal-03603033 , version 1 (09-03-2022)

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M. Jouglin, C. Rispe, S. Grech-Angelini, M. Gallois, L. Malandrin. Anaplasma capra in sheep and goats on Corsica Island, France: A European lineage within A. capra clade II?. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 2022, 13 (3), pp.101934. ⟨10.1016/j.ttbdis.2022.101934⟩. ⟨hal-03603033⟩
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