New Insights into the Origin of Volatile Sulfur Compounds during Wine Fermentation and Their Evolution during Aging - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Fermentation Year : 2022

New Insights into the Origin of Volatile Sulfur Compounds during Wine Fermentation and Their Evolution during Aging

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Vincent Farines
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1134770
Jean-Marie Sablayrolles
Carole Camarasa
Audrey Bloem
  • Function : Correspondent author
  • PersonId : 1134771

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Abstract

Volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) are associated with unpleasant reductive aromas and are responsible for an important reduction in wine quality, causing major economic losses. Understanding the origin of these compounds in wine remains a challenge, as their formation and further evolution during winemaking can involve both chemical and biological reactions. Comparing the VSCs profile (i) of fermenting synthetic grape juices supplemented with a selected VSC (eight compounds tested) and incubated in presence or absence of yeast, and (ii) during storage of wines under an accelerated aging procedure, allowed us to elucidate the chemical and metabolic connections between VSCs during fermentation and aging. Yeast metabolism, through the Ehrlich pathway and acetylation reactions, makes an important contribution to the formation of compounds such as methionol, 3-methylthiopropionate, 3-methylthiopropylacetate, 3-mercaptopropanol, 2-mercaptoethanol and thioesters. By contrast, chemical reactions are responsible for interconversions between thiols and disulfides, the formation of thiols from thioesters or, more surprisingly, the formation of ethylthiopropanol from methionol during fermentation. During aging, variations in heavy VSC concentrations, such as an increase in 3-methylthiopropylacetate and a decrease in ethyl-3-methylthiopropionate formation, were evidenced. Overall, this study highlights that it is essential to consider both yeast metabolism and the high chemical reactivity of VSCs to understand their formation and evolution during winemaking.
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Dates and versions

hal-03671995 , version 1 (27-06-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Rafael Jiménez-Lorenzo, Vincent Farines, Jean-Marie Sablayrolles, Carole Camarasa, Audrey Bloem. New Insights into the Origin of Volatile Sulfur Compounds during Wine Fermentation and Their Evolution during Aging. Fermentation, 2022, 8 (4), ⟨10.3390/fermentation8040139⟩. ⟨hal-03671995⟩
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