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Journal Articles Carbohydrate Polymers Year : 2022

Biorefinery of apple pomace: New insights into xyloglucan building blocks

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Abstract

Within the apple pomace biorefinery cascade processing framework aiming at adding value to an agroindustrial waste, after pectin recovery, this study focused on hemicellulose. The structure of the major apple hemicellulose, xyloglucan (XyG), was assessed as a prerequisite to potential developments in industrial applications. DMSO-LiCl and 4 M KOH soluble hemicelluloses from pectin-extracted apple pomace were purified by anion exchange chromatography. XyG structure was assessed by coupling xyloglucanase and endo-13-1,4-glucanase digestions to HPAEC and MALDI-TOF MS analyses. 71.9% of pomaces hemicellulose were recovered with starch. DMSO-LiCl and 4 M KOH soluble XyG exhibited Mw of 19 and 140 kDa, respectively. Besides the XXXG, XLXG, XXLG, XXFG, XLFG and XLLG structures, novel oligosaccharides with degree of polymerization of 6-10 were observed after xyloglucanase digestion. Cellobiose and cellotriose were revealed randomly distributed in XyG backbone and were more present in DMSO-LiCl soluble XyG. Residual pomace remains a potential source of other materials.
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Dates and versions

hal-03694559 , version 1 (13-06-2022)

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Mingrui Chen, Jessica Mac-Béar, David Ropartz, Marc Lahaye, Marc M. Lahaye. Biorefinery of apple pomace: New insights into xyloglucan building blocks. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2022, 290, pp.119526. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.119526⟩. ⟨hal-03694559⟩

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