Imaging Minimal Bacteria at the Nanoscale: a Reliable and Versatile Process to Perform Single-Molecule Localization Microscopy in Mycoplasmas - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Microbiology Spectrum Year : 2022

Imaging Minimal Bacteria at the Nanoscale: a Reliable and Versatile Process to Perform Single-Molecule Localization Microscopy in Mycoplasmas

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Abstract

Mycoplasmas are the smallest free-living organisms. These bacteria are important models for both fundamental and synthetic biology, owing to their highly reduced genomes. They are also relevant in the medical and veterinary fields, as they are pathogenic to both humans and most livestock species. Mycoplasma cells have minute sizes, often in the 300- to 800-nm range. As these dimensions are close to the diffraction limit of visible light, fluorescence imaging in mycoplasmas is often poorly informative. Recently developed superresolution imaging techniques can break this diffraction limit, improving the imaging resolution by an order of magnitude and offering a new nanoscale vision of the organization of these bacteria. These techniques have, however, not been applied to mycoplasmas before. Here, we describe an efficient and reliable protocol to perform single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) imaging in mycoplasmas. We provide a polyvalent transposon-based system to express the photoconvertible fluorescent protein mEos3.2, enabling photo-activated localization microscopy (PALM) in most Mycoplasma species. We also describe the application of direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM). We showcase the potential of these techniques by studying the subcellular localization of two proteins of interest. Our work highlights the benefits of state-of-the-art microscopy techniques for mycoplasmology and provides an incentive to further the development of SMLM strategies to study these organisms in the future..

Dates and versions

hal-03702545 , version 1 (23-06-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Fabien Rideau, Audrey Villa, Pauline Belzanne, Emeline Verdier, Eric Hosy, et al.. Imaging Minimal Bacteria at the Nanoscale: a Reliable and Versatile Process to Perform Single-Molecule Localization Microscopy in Mycoplasmas. Microbiology Spectrum, 2022, Online first, ⟨10.1128/spectrum.00645-22⟩. ⟨hal-03702545⟩

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