Agronomic characterization of anaerobic digestates with near-infrared spectroscopy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Environmental Management Year : 2022

Agronomic characterization of anaerobic digestates with near-infrared spectroscopy

(1) , (2) , (1) , (2) , (2) , (2) , (1) , (3) , (4) , (5) , (6) , (1)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion is an increasingly widespread process for organic waste treatment and renewable energy production due to the methane content of the biogas. This biological process also produces a digestate (i.e., the remaining content of the waste after treatment) with a high fertilizing potential. The digestate composition is highly variable due to the various organic wastes used as feedstock, the different plant configurations, and the post-treatment processes used. In order to optimize digestate spreading on agricultural soils by optimizing the fertilizer dose and, thus, reducing environmental impacts associated to digestate application, the agronomic characterization of digestate is essential. This study investigates the use of near infrared spectroscopy for predicting the most important agronomic parameters from freeze-dried digestates. A data set of 193 digestates was created to calibrate partial least squares regression models predicting organic matter, total organic carbon, organic nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium contents. The calibration range of the models were between 249.8 and 878.6 gOM.kgDM(-1), 171.9 and 499.5 gC. kgDM(-1), 5.3 and 74.1 gN.kgDM(-1), 2.7 and 44.9 gP.kgDM(-1) and between 0.5 and 171.8 gK.kgDM(-1), respectively. The calibrated models reliably predicted organic matter, total organic carbon, and phosphorus contents for the whole diversity of digestates with root mean square errors of prediction of 70.51 gOM.kgDM(-1), 34.84 gC. kgDM(-1) and 4.08 gP.kgDM(-1), respectively. On the other hand, the model prediction of the organic nitrogen content had a root mean square error of 7.55 gN.kgDM(-1) and was considered as acceptable. Lastly, the results did not demonstrate the feasibility of predicting the potassium content in digestates with near infrared spectroscopy. These results show that near infrared spectroscopy is a very promising analytical method for the characterization of the fertilizing value of digestates, which could provide large benefits in terms of analysis time and cost.
Not file

Dates and versions

hal-03709209 , version 1 (29-06-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Bastien Zennaro, Paul Marchand, Eric Latrille, J.-C. Thoisy-Dur, Sabine Houot, et al.. Agronomic characterization of anaerobic digestates with near-infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Environmental Management, 2022, 317, pp.115393. ⟨10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.115393⟩. ⟨hal-03709209⟩
107 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More